Periodontal disease, more commonly known as gum disease is an infection and inflammation of the gum tissues. Periodontal disease is more often caused by hardened tartar at the gum line. However, other factors like tobacco use and certain medical conditions can accelerate the progress of the disease.
Periodontal disease starts as gingivitis. Primary symptoms include red or inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing as well as issues with chronic bad breath.
Left unaddressed, gingivitis can develop into the more advanced form of periodontal disease known as periodontitis. This dangerous form of periodontal disease can cause your gums to pull back from the base of your teeth, forming pockets of infection deep within the gum tissues. In time it can even cause a loss of structure in the bones that anchor your teeth.
The chronic, systemic inflammation caused by periodontitis can also tax your immune system. Continuing research has found that this can be related to other medical conditions including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer.
If you have questions about periodontitis, or you are concerned that you might have developed gum disease, please call Family Smile Center LLC at 301.663.9484. Our highly trained staff can best help you explore your treatment options.