What is gum disease?

Gum disease, more formally known as periodontal disease, is a degenerative condition caused by bacteria in plaque. As plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) accumulate on the teeth, the bacteria cause inflammation and irritation in the gum tissues. The early stage of gum disease, gingivitis, is characterized by gums that are swollen, tender, red, and bleed easily. If this condition is not properly treated, it may progress into periodontitis, or advanced gum disease. In this stage, the gums recede and pull away from the teeth, creating “pockets” where bacteria can thrive. Periodontitis may eventually lead to bone loss and tooth loss. Furthermore, untreated periodontal disease has been linked to several serious health problems, including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, respiratory conditions, and pregnancy complications.

What is gum disease treatment?

In order to avoid these serious consequences, Dr. Cha and Dr. Dinh offer treatment for gum disease in Frederick, Maryland. The specific treatment you need will depend on the severity of the condition. Some common types of gum treatment include scaling and root planing (deep cleanings), antibiotic treatment, or gum surgery for more advanced cases. During your visit to our office, our dentists will determine which treatment is right for your needs. We welcome you to contact us today at Family Smile Center LLC to learn more about periodontal treatment and to set up your next visit.